Photonics News

Laser Dentistry: An Overview and Market Outlook

According to the World Health Organization, oral diseases and dental disorders affect over half the world’s population. The use of laser dental procedures is on the rise, as these efficient, minimally invasive treatments improve patient experience and reduce the overall time for clinicians. Increased focus on preventive care combined with improved dental laser technologies is helping fuel market growth. Dental lasers are on their way to becoming standard practice, particularly in pediatric dentistry.

Dental Laser Types

The four most common dental laser types and their wavelengths are:

  • Diodes: 830-1064nm

  • Nd:YAG: 1064nm

  • Erbium: 2790-2940nm

  • CO2: 9.3-10.6nm

The laser’s wavelength is absorbed differently by each tissue type, thereby determining how it will be used in the clinical setting. Lasers targeting soft tissues, such as Nd:YAG laser systems are projected to see the most growth given the rising incidence of periodontal diseases such as gingivitis.

Soft Tissue Lasers

Soft tissue dental lasers, including Nd:YAG laser systems, CO2 dental lasers systems, and diode lasers are used for periodontal and oral surgery. Specific laser wavelengths target the diseased tissue without harming healthy tissue. Soft tissue lasers accurately kill bacteria, reshape gum tissues, activate tissue regrowth, and remove soft tissue folds. Soft tissue lasers reduce bleeding by sealing nerve endings and blood vessels while they penetrate the tissue, leaving the patient with almost no postoperative discomfort.

Hard Tissue Lasers

Hard tissue lasers are used for tooth structures, where laser wavelengths are absorbed through the combination of water and a specific mineral found in teeth. These lasers can detect tooth decay, kill bacteria within a cavity, shape teeth, repair dental fillings, and treat tooth sensitivity by sealing tubules on the root of the tooth.

The dental laser market is expected to grow continuously as the benefits to both patient and clinician are abundantly clear. Quantum Composers works with OEMs and dental laser manufacturers to develop Nd:YAG and diode laser systems with the right wavelength and pulse duration to deliver consistent, accurate, reproducible results. View our full suite of photonics products and contact our experts to discuss your project.